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Bandhani / Bhandej saree : Rajasthan/Gujarat

Bandhej is probably the oldest known technique of tie & die which was discovered some 5000 years ago. In India, Bandhani work was started by the Khatri community of Gujarat. Towns in Rajasthan like Jaipur, Sikar, Bhilwara, Udaipur, Bikaner, Ajmer, and Jamnagar in Gujarat are the well-known centers that produce world-class Bandhej odhnis, sarees, and turbans.

The term bandhani is derived from the Sanskrit verbal root bandh (“to bind, to tie”). The art of Bandhana is a highly skilled process.

The technique involves dyeing a fabric which is tied tightly with a thread at several points, thus producing a variety of patterns like Chandrakala, Bavan Baug, Shikari etcetera; depending on the manner in which the cloth is tied. The main colour used in Bandhana are yellow, red, blue, green and black.

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